Types Of Shade
It’s not easy to describe and compare types of shade but this should help you determine what you’ve got.
1. Partial or Half Shade
- 5-6 hours of sun per day, mainly in the afternoon when the sun is strongest.
- Garden beds that receive this same amount of sun in the mornings are considered ‘light shade’ and plants preferring half shade will not grow as large or quickly with the same amount of morning sun but they’ll still grow.
2. Dappled Shade, or Light Shade
- This type of shade is usually created by the canopy of trees overhead.
- Light still gets through but it’s not harsh and the total effect is less light than partial or half shade areas.
3. Open Shade, Full Shade, or Dense Shade
- Whether the shade is created from an obstruction like a house, or dense tree canopies overhead, these deeper shade areas are not suitable for veggies.
List of Veggies That Grow In The Shade
There is a hierarchy here, ranging from veggies like broccoli and Brussels sprouts that prefer a fair amount of sun (partial or half shade), to the salad greens (including mesclun mix) that do fine in dappled and light shade.
Afternoon sun is the strongest and preferable but you’ve got what you’ve got. Try stuff out and see how it works.
The amount of sun listed here is the minimum that will still provide a successful harvest.
5 hours of afternoon sun per day
This group includes brassicas (edible buds).
- Brussels Sprouts
- Swiss Chard (stalks)
4-5 hours of afternoon sun per day
This groups includes many root vegetables.
- Pak Choy
- swede, turnip
3-4 hours of afternoon sun per day
Edible leaves enjoy some shade and this helps prevent bolting.
- Swiss Chard (leaves)
3 hours of afternoon sun per day
- Culinary Herbs
- Mustard Greens
2 hours of afternoon sun per day
There are some salad greens that do fine with minimal sun. If this is all you’ve got, try growing them and see how they do.
- Asian Greens
- Mesclun Mix, “assorted small, young salad leaves”.
source Empress of Dirt.